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Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a prominent British socialisttheososphistwomen’s right activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.Annie Besant is a name featured prominently in Indian history text books and rightly so. A British woman who came to India and made it her home, she was instrumental in the Indian freedom struggle.Besant, a renowned socialist, theosophist, women’s rights activist, writer and orator, came to India in 1893 and stayed here till her death in 1933. While in India, the freedom fighter’s biggest achievements were establishing the Central Hindu College at Benares, and being the first woman and European President of the Indian National Congress.She also became involved in politics in India, joining the Indian national congress . When World War I broke out in 1914, she helped launch the Home rule league to campaign for democracy in India and dominion status within the Empire. This led to her election as president of the India National Congress in late 1917. In the late 1920s, Besant travelled to the United States with her protégé and adopted son Jiddu Krishnamurti, whom she claimed was the new Messiah and incarnation of Buddha. Krishnamurti rejected these claims in 1929.[1] After the war, she continued to campaign for Indian independence and for the causes of theosophy, until her death in 1933.